DWARFISM Symptoms, Causes & Treatments

DWARFISM Symptoms, Causes & Treatments


Dwarf ISM is short stature that results
from a genetic or medical condition dwarfism is generally defined as an
adult height of 4 feet 10 inches 147 centimeters or less the average adult
height among people with dwarfism is 4 feet 122 centimeters many different
medical conditions cause dwarfism in general the disorders are divided into
two broad categories disproportionate and warf ISM if body size is
disproportionate some parts of the body are small and others are of average size
or above average size disorders causing disproportion of dwarfism inhibit the
development of bones proportion of dwarfism a body is proportionately small
if all parts of the body are small to the same degree and appeared to be
proportioned like a body of average stature medical conditions present at
birth or appearing in early childhood limit overall growth and development
some people prefer the term short stature were little people rather than
dwarf for dwarfism so it’s important to be sensitive to the preference of
someone who has this disorder short stature disorders do not include
familial short stature short height that’s considered a normal variation
with normal bone development symptoms signs and symptoms other than short
stature vary considerably across the spectrum of disorders disproportion of
dwarfism most people with dwarfism have disorders that cause disproportionately
short stature usually this means that a person has an average-sized trunk and
very short limbs but some people may have a very short trunk and shortened
but disproportionately large limbs in these disorders the head is
disproportionately large compared with the body almost all people with
disproportionate and Worf ISM have normal intellectual capacities rare
exceptions are usually the result of a secondary factor such as excess fluid
around the brain hydrocephalus the most common cause of dwarfism is a
disorder called a cond replace’ which causes disproportionately short stature
this disorder usually results in the following an average-sized drunk short
arms and legs with particularly short upper arms and upper legs short fingers
often with a wide separation between the middle and ring fingers limited mobility
at the elbows a disproportionately large head with a
prominent forehead and a flattened bridge of the nose progressive
development of bowed legs progressive development of sway lower back an adult
height around four feet 122 centimeters proportion of dwarfism proportion of
dwarfism results from medical conditions present at birth or appearing in early
childhood that limit overall growth and development so the head trunk and limbs
are all small but they’re proportionate to each other because these disorders
affect overall growth many of them result in poor development of one or
more body systems growth hormone deficiency is a relatively common cause
of proportionate dwarfism it occurs when the pituitary gland fails to produce an
adequate supply of growth hormone which is essential for normal childhood growth
signs include height below the third percentile on standard pediatric growth
charts growth rates lower than expected for age delayed or no sexual development
during the teen years causes most morphism related conditions are genetic
disorders but the causes of some disorders are unknown most occurrences
of dwarfism result from a random genetic mutation and either the father sperm or
the mother’s egg rather than from either parents complete genetic makeup a Kandra
plaza about 80% of people with a Kandra plaza are born to parents of average
height a person with a Kandra plaza and with two average-sized parents received
one mutated copy of the gene associated with the disorder and one normal copy of
the gene a person with the disorder may pass along either a mutated or normal
copy to his or her own children turner syndrome turner syndrome a condition
that affects only girls and women results when a sex chromosome the x
chromosome is missing or partially missing a female inherits an x
chromosome from each parent a girl with Turner syndrome has only one fully funk
copy of the female sex chromosome rather than to growth hormone deficiency the
cause of growth hormone deficiency can sometimes be traced to a genetic
mutation or injury but for most people with the disorder no cause can be
identified treatments the goal of treatment is to maximize functioning and
independence most dwarfism treatments don’t increase stature but may correct
or relieve problems caused by complications surgical treatments
surgical procedures they may correct problems in people with disproportionate
dwarfism include correcting the direction in which bones are growing
stabilizing and correcting the shape of the spine
increasing the size of the opening and bones of the spine vertebrae to
alleviate pressure on the spinal cord placing a shunt to remove excess fluid
around the brain hydrocephalus if it occurs hormone therapy for individuals
with dwarfism due to growth hormone deficiency treatment with injections of
a synthetic version of the hormone may increase final height in most cases
children receive daily injections for several years until they reach a maximum
adult height often within the average adult range for their family treatment
may continue throughout the teen years and early adulthood to ensure Dold
maturation such as appropriate gain and muscle or fat some individuals may need
lifelong therapy the treatment may be supplemented with other related hormones
if they are also deficient treatment for girls with Turner syndrome also requires
Easter engine and related hormone therapy in order for them to begin
puberty and achieve adult sexual development Eastridge and replacement
therapy usually continues throughout life until women with Turner syndrome
reached the average age of menopause growth hormone supplementation for
children with achondroplasia does not increase final adult height ongoing
healthcare regular check-ups and ongoing care by a doctor familiar with dwarfism
can improve quality of life because of the range of symptoms and complications
treatments are tailored to address problems as they occur such as
assessment and treatment for ear infections spinal stenosis or sleep
apnea adults with dwarfism should continue to be monitored and treated for
problems that occur throughout life limb lengthening some people with dwarfism
choose to undergo surgery called extended limb lengthening this procedure
is controversial for many people with dwarfism because as with all surgeries
there are risks waiting to decide about limb lengthening until the person with
morphism is old enough to participate in the decision is recommended because of
the emotional and physical stress involved with multiple procedures every
individual needs unique treatment and care we encourage people
with dwarfism and their families to learn as much as possible about the
latest medical treatment and approaches as well as healthy lifestyle choices
stay strong live long thank you

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