Everything you think you know about addiction is wrong | Johann Hari

Everything you think you know about addiction is wrong | Johann Hari


One of my earliest memories is of trying to wake up
one of my relatives and not being able to. And I was just a little kid,
so I didn’t really understand why, but as I got older, I realized we had
drug addiction in my family, including later cocaine addiction. I’d been thinking about it a lot lately,
partly because it’s now exactly 100 years since drugs were first banned
in the United States and Britain, and we then imposed that
on the rest of the world. It’s a century since we made
this really fateful decision to take addicts and punish them
and make them suffer, because we believed that would deter them;
it would give them an incentive to stop. And a few years ago, I was looking at
some of the addicts in my life who I love, and trying to figure out
if there was some way to help them. And I realized there were loads
of incredibly basic questions I just didn’t know the answer to, like, what really causes addiction? Why do we carry on with this approach
that doesn’t seem to be working, and is there a better way out there
that we could try instead? So I read loads of stuff about it, and I couldn’t really find
the answers I was looking for, so I thought, okay, I’ll go and sit
with different people around the world who lived this and studied this and talk to them and see
if I could learn from them. And I didn’t realize I would end up
going over 30,000 miles at the start, but I ended up going and meeting
loads of different people, from a transgender crack dealer
in Brownsville, Brooklyn, to a scientist who spends a lot of time
feeding hallucinogens to mongooses to see if they like them — it turns out they do, but only
in very specific circumstances — to the only country that’s ever
decriminalized all drugs, from cannabis to crack, Portugal. And the thing I realized
that really blew my mind is, almost everything we think
we know about addiction is wrong, and if we start to absorb
the new evidence about addiction, I think we’re going to have to change
a lot more than our drug policies. But let’s start with what we think
we know, what I thought I knew. Let’s think about this middle row here. Imagine all of you, for 20 days now, went
off and used heroin three times a day. Some of you look a little more
enthusiastic than others at this prospect. (Laughter) Don’t worry,
it’s just a thought experiment. Imagine you did that, right? What would happen? Now, we have a story about what would
happen that we’ve been told for a century. We think, because there are
chemical hooks in heroin, as you took it for a while, your body would become
dependent on those hooks, you’d start to physically need them, and at the end of those 20 days,
you’d all be heroin addicts. Right? That’s what I thought. First thing that alerted me to the fact
that something’s not right with this story is when it was explained to me. If I step out of this TED Talk today
and I get hit by a car and I break my hip, I’ll be taken to hospital
and I’ll be given loads of diamorphine. Diamorphine is heroin. It’s actually much better heroin
than you’re going to buy on the streets, because the stuff you buy
from a drug dealer is contaminated. Actually, very little of it is heroin, whereas the stuff you get
from the doctor is medically pure. And you’ll be given it for quite
a long period of time. There are loads of people in this room, you may not realize it,
you’ve taken quite a lot of heroin. And anyone who is watching this
anywhere in the world, this is happening. And if what we believe
about addiction is right — those people are exposed
to all those chemical hooks — What should happen?
They should become addicts. This has been studied really carefully. It doesn’t happen; you will have noticed
if your grandmother had a hip replacement, she didn’t come out as a junkie.
(Laughter) And when I learned this,
it seemed so weird to me, so contrary to everything I’d been told,
everything I thought I knew, I just thought it couldn’t be right,
until I met a man called Bruce Alexander. He’s a professor
of psychology in Vancouver who carried out an incredible experiment I think really helps us
to understand this issue. Professor Alexander explained to me, the idea of addiction we’ve all
got in our heads, that story, comes partly from a series of experiments that were done earlier
in the 20th century. They’re really simple. You can do them tonight at home
if you feel a little sadistic. You get a rat and you put it in a cage,
and you give it two water bottles: One is just water, and the other is water
laced with either heroin or cocaine. If you do that, the rat will almost always
prefer the drug water and almost always
kill itself quite quickly. So there you go, right?
That’s how we think it works. In the ’70s, Professor Alexander comes
along and he looks at this experiment and he noticed something. He said ah, we’re putting
the rat in an empty cage. It’s got nothing to do
except use these drugs. Let’s try something different. So Professor Alexander built a cage
that he called “Rat Park,” which is basically heaven for rats. They’ve got loads of cheese,
they’ve got loads of colored balls, they’ve got loads of tunnels. Crucially, they’ve got loads of friends.
They can have loads of sex. And they’ve got both the water bottles,
the normal water and the drugged water. But here’s the fascinating thing: In Rat Park, they don’t
like the drug water. They almost never use it. None of them ever use it compulsively. None of them ever overdose. You go from almost 100 percent overdose
when they’re isolated to zero percent overdose when they
have happy and connected lives. Now, when he first saw this,
Professor Alexander thought, maybe this is just a thing about rats,
they’re quite different to us. Maybe not as different as we’d like,
but, you know — But fortunately, there was
a human experiment into the exact same principle happening
at the exact same time. It was called the Vietnam War. In Vietnam, 20 percent of all American
troops were using loads of heroin, and if you look at the news
reports from the time, they were really worried, because
they thought, my God, we’re going to have hundreds of thousands of junkies
on the streets of the United States when the war ends; it made total sense. Now, those soldiers who were using
loads of heroin were followed home. The Archives of General Psychiatry
did a really detailed study, and what happened to them? It turns out they didn’t go to rehab.
They didn’t go into withdrawal. Ninety-five percent of them just stopped. Now, if you believe the story
about chemical hooks, that makes absolutely no sense,
but Professor Alexander began to think there might be a different
story about addiction. He said, what if addiction isn’t
about your chemical hooks? What if addiction is about your cage? What if addiction is an adaptation
to your environment? Looking at this, there was another professor
called Peter Cohen in the Netherlands who said, maybe we shouldn’t
even call it addiction. Maybe we should call it bonding. Human beings have a natural
and innate need to bond, and when we’re happy and healthy,
we’ll bond and connect with each other, but if you can’t do that, because you’re traumatized or isolated
or beaten down by life, you will bond with something
that will give you some sense of relief. Now, that might be gambling,
that might be pornography, that might be cocaine,
that might be cannabis, but you will bond and connect
with something because that’s our nature. That’s what we want as human beings. And at first, I found this quite
a difficult thing to get my head around, but one way that helped me
to think about it is, I can see, I’ve got over by my seat
a bottle of water, right? I’m looking at lots of you, and lots
of you have bottles of water with you. Forget the drugs. Forget the drug war. Totally legally, all of those bottles
of water could be bottles of vodka, right? We could all be getting drunk —
I might after this — (Laughter) — but we’re not. Now, because you’ve been able to afford
the approximately gazillion pounds that it costs to get into a TED Talk,
I’m guessing you guys could afford to be drinking vodka
for the next six months. You wouldn’t end up homeless. You’re not going to do that,
and the reason you’re not going to do that is not because anyone’s stopping you. It’s because you’ve got
bonds and connections that you want to be present for. You’ve got work you love.
You’ve got people you love. You’ve got healthy relationships. And a core part of addiction, I came to think, and I believe
the evidence suggests, is about not being able to bear
to be present in your life. Now, this has really
significant implications. The most obvious implications
are for the War on Drugs. In Arizona, I went out
with a group of women who were made to wear t-shirts
saying, “I was a drug addict,” and go out on chain gangs and dig graves
while members of the public jeer at them, and when those women get out of prison,
they’re going to have criminal records that mean they’ll never work
in the legal economy again. Now, that’s a very extreme example,
obviously, in the case of the chain gang, but actually almost
everywhere in the world we treat addicts to some degree like that. We punish them. We shame them.
We give them criminal records. We put barriers between them reconnecting. There was a doctor in Canada,
Dr. Gabor Maté, an amazing man, who said to me, if you wanted to design
a system that would make addiction worse, you would design that system. Now, there’s a place that decided
to do the exact opposite, and I went there to see how it worked. In the year 2000, Portugal had
one of the worst drug problems in Europe. One percent of the population was addicted
to heroin, which is kind of mind-blowing, and every year, they tried
the American way more and more. They punished people and stigmatized them
and shamed them more, and every year, the problem got worse. And one day, the Prime Minister and
the leader of the opposition got together, and basically said, look, we can’t go on with a country where we’re having
ever more people becoming heroin addicts. Let’s set up a panel
of scientists and doctors to figure out what would
genuinely solve the problem. And they set up a panel led by
an amazing man called Dr. João Goulão, to look at all this new evidence, and they came back and they said, “Decriminalize all drugs
from cannabis to crack, but” — and this is the crucial next step — “take all the money we used to spend
on cutting addicts off, on disconnecting them, and spend it instead
on reconnecting them with society.” And that’s not really what we think of
as drug treatment in the United States and Britain. So they do do residential rehab, they do psychological therapy,
that does have some value. But the biggest thing they did
was the complete opposite of what we do: a massive program
of job creation for addicts, and microloans for addicts
to set up small businesses. So say you used to be a mechanic. When you’re ready, they’ll go
to a garage, and they’ll say, if you employ this guy for a year,
we’ll pay half his wages. The goal was to make sure
that every addict in Portugal had something to get out
of bed for in the morning. And when I went and met the addicts
in Portugal, what they said is,
as they rediscovered purpose, they rediscovered bonds
and relationships with the wider society. It’ll be 15 years this year
since that experiment began, and the results are in: injecting drug use is down in Portugal, according to the British
Journal of Criminology, by 50 percent, five-zero percent. Overdose is massively down,
HIV is massively down among addicts. Addiction in every study
is significantly down. One of the ways you know it’s worked
so well is that almost nobody in Portugal wants to go back to the old system. Now, that’s the political implications. I actually think there’s a layer
of implications to all this research below that. We live in a culture where people
feel really increasingly vulnerable to all sorts of addictions,
whether it’s to their smartphones or to shopping or to eating. Before these talks began —
you guys know this — we were told we weren’t allowed
to have our smartphones on, and I have to say, a lot of you
looked an awful lot like addicts who were told their dealer
was going to be unavailable for the next couple of hours. (Laughter) A lot of us feel like that,
and it might sound weird to say, I’ve been talking about how disconnection
is a major driver of addiction and weird to say it’s growing, because you think we’re the most connected
society that’s ever been, surely. But I increasingly began to think
that the connections we have or think we have, are like a kind
of parody of human connection. If you have a crisis in your life,
you’ll notice something. It won’t be your Twitter followers
who come to sit with you. It won’t be your Facebook friends
who help you turn it round. It’ll be your flesh and blood friends
who you have deep and nuanced and textured, face-to-face
relationships with, and there’s a study I learned about from
Bill McKibben, the environmental writer, that I think tells us a lot about this. It looked at the number of close friends
the average American believes they can call on in a crisis. That number has been declining
steadily since the 1950s. The amount of floor space
an individual has in their home has been steadily increasing, and I think that’s like a metaphor for the choice we’ve made as a culture. We’ve traded floorspace for friends,
we’ve traded stuff for connections, and the result is we are one of the
loneliest societies there has ever been. And Bruce Alexander, the guy who did
the Rat Park experiment, says, we talk all the time in addiction
about individual recovery, and it’s right to talk about that, but we need to talk much more
about social recovery. Something’s gone wrong with us,
not just with individuals but as a group, and we’ve created a society where,
for a lot of us, life looks a whole lot more
like that isolated cage and a whole lot less like Rat Park. If I’m honest, this isn’t
why I went into it. I didn’t go in to the discover
the political stuff, the social stuff. I wanted to know how to help
the people I love. And when I came back from this
long journey and I’d learned all this, I looked at the addicts in my life, and if you’re really candid,
it’s hard loving an addict, and there’s going to be lots of people
who know in this room. You are angry a lot of the time, and I think one of the reasons
why this debate is so charged is because it runs through the heart
of each of us, right? Everyone has a bit of them
that looks at an addict and thinks, I wish someone would just stop you. And the kind of scripts we’re told for how
to deal with the addicts in our lives is typified by, I think, the reality show “Intervention,”
if you guys have ever seen it. I think everything in our lives
is defined by reality TV, but that’s another TED Talk. If you’ve ever seen
the show “Intervention,” it’s a pretty simple premise. Get an addict, all the people
in their life, gather them together, confront them with what they’re doing,
and they say, if you don’t shape up, we’re going to cut you off. So what they do is they take
the connection to the addict, and they threaten it,
they make it contingent on the addict behaving the way they want. And I began to think, I began to see
why that approach doesn’t work, and I began to think that’s almost like
the importing of the logic of the Drug War into our private lives. So I was thinking,
how could I be Portuguese? And what I’ve tried to do now,
and I can’t tell you I do it consistently and I can’t tell you it’s easy, is to say to the addicts in my life that I want to deepen
the connection with them, to say to them, I love you
whether you’re using or you’re not. I love you, whatever state you’re in, and if you need me,
I’ll come and sit with you because I love you and I don’t
want you to be alone or to feel alone. And I think the core of that message — you’re not alone, we love you — has to be at every level
of how we respond to addicts, socially, politically and individually. For 100 years now, we’ve been singing
war songs about addicts. I think all along we should have been
singing love songs to them, because the opposite of addiction
is not sobriety. The opposite of addiction is connection. Thank you. (Applause)

100 comments

  1. The rats were traumatized from sexual abuse, loss of loved ones etc etc. The rats didn't suffer from mental illnesses like schizophrenia and depression. The rats didn't get locked into a justice system that at times seems impossible to get out of.

  2. This certainly holds true for me. Drugs obviously are psychologically and in some cases physically addictive, but my drinking was partly a result of total and complete misery. Then, the addiction really takes hold and you spiral out of control, because the drugs are making you more miserable, and all you have left are the drugs, so you use more, and so on. When I was at my worst, I was totally isolated. I'd alienated my friends and family, I wouldn't leave my house except to go buy liquor and go to work, but at work I wasn't mentally present and barely functional. Now, 5 years later, I don't have time for all the things I want to do, and my desire to drink has evaporated over that time. It's when I get bored, sad, lonely, those are the moments that turning back to the bottle becomes most attractive.

    Every person in recovery, and every therapist will tell you that getting sober is only part of the battle, the rest is figuring out what made you turn to the drugs in the first place. You have to address those underlying issues or you'll end up going right back when things go wrong. Actually confronting those things is really scary, and drugs also help you avoid doing so. "Not wanting to be present" is a good way to put it. Or, wanting the present to be different than it is. Drugs are very good at those things, but they're only a veneer, and that fades away with the intoxication, so you have to do it again, and that cycle will never end if you don't force it to.

  3. Legalizing drugs doesn’t work…..executing drug dealers works incredibly well. No one has the right to devastate their communities and to profit from the suffering of countless lives. “It’s voluntary blah blah blah”, I don’t care.

  4. This is definitely one part of the equation. Addiction is a very complicated illness. It is true that when I finally made the decision to get a job, work on my negative behavior patterns and rejoin society, my life took off and is now better than its ever been. I have not wanted to use since. However, there were many factors that had to come together at the perfect time for my present lifestyle. I would love to spend the rest of my life studying this mind blowing disorder and one day discover the “magic formula”, but I actually think it’s different for everyone.

  5. If bonds cured addicts then why don’t they stop because of their children? That is the strongest bond ever. How could a woman carry a child for nine months and care for it when it’s born then if they get hooked on drugs they will always abandon that child?

  6. i experienced this on a small scale with smoking my weed. my family tries to fabricate humiliating situations to ''get'' me and make me feel guilty and upset, so i just go and smoke even more weed because im so upset

  7. knowing all of this makes reality hurt much more, when you see police fucking with people on the street, you know for a solid fact that they are making everything worse

  8. My Twitter friends are the only people who've ever been there when I was spiralling in depression. Few or no one in real life. Maybe this is why we need our smartphones so much – it's how we make real friends.

    **Granted, I'm in the Mental Health community on Twitter, and we're usually very close-knit and supportive.

  9. Dam wish I had some friends to share my hobbies with, but I have no idea where to find them, how to meet them, etc.
    I would love to share fixing cars with somebody, camping, hiking, playing some video games, but I don't know anyone in person (Besides my family)

  10. As humans we are all trying to escape pain of some form – drugs are a convenient answer. As someone who suffers from anxiety and depression I rely on drugs on some form to keep on going. Without them I sure I would be dead. Real human connection is what I crave but the world is changing so fast it really makes it hard to connect with others.

  11. fantastic insight and a wonderful presentation. When will the governments of the world wake up and take notice, change their policies and HELP people. The 'war' on drugs has failed and will continue to fail as we fail those that fall into the addiction trap.

  12. I have never heard something so special like this talk. There is so much in this talk that people always feel and never able to understand or describe what it is. Thank you so much for being voice for everyone and let us know the exact reason to our undecribed feelings 👏🏿👏🏿👏🏿

  13. This changed my whole mind drugs are just a filler for the things we are missing in our lives good luck to all of you and I hope you all find that thing in your life that keeps you out of drugs.

  14. Well I mean you don’t get in trouble because of addiction, you get in trouble because all the stupid stuff you do for and on that addiction

  15. 11 Years clean, run two businesses, in escrow on our first house, brought my wife into the business and she has 7 years clean, my little brother and he now has 10 years clean, and my mom who has 4 years clean. A sense of purpose and responsibility makes a huge difference….Couple with recovery a program and knowledge of how the Disease of addiction works and you have a chance.

  16. When addicts destroy family life you have tried everything and no change then all you can do is wash your hands of them. Yes being an addict is a sickness but it does not excuse the hurt pain and damage they cause.

  17. I can't help feel there is a dynamic at odds with itself here, the assumption Heroin is used only in desperation of addiction is not entirely the case, admitting the drug is enjoyable is reality and this feeling is desirable with addiction following, here is the exception, nothing much lasts and heroin gets tedious allowing the user, if addicted, to move on with reasonable detox if made available, often the cost of addiction compounds the reduction of a life to the place only Heroin may be left. Throw in police, jail, and lawyers and all the problems connected here you have an addict which isn't hiding much and that's too bad they could have had a rather normal life if not for other's prejudices.

  18. https://www.gofundme.com/f/1pxooo2tlc?utm_medium=copy_link&utm_source=customer&utm_campaign=p_na+share-sheet&rcid=ec2e84a83ba54181ab991598c8e04fd1

  19. Such an amazing talk (as so many TED talks are) addictions are always painkiller because people do not want to face the truth, I had to watch my own father turn to alcohol over his family time and time again until it eventually took his life. To be able to work through my own pain and finally forgive him I needed to know why. I see now that he was just a broken man terrified of life and although so many people hated him. He did the best he could with what he had. For anybody out there with alcoholic parents…if your struggling…stay strong…and I wish you all the best on your journey.

  20. There is a program used worldwide its called narcotics anonymous and it is a program of we the addicts helping each other and it works!

  21. Wow!! When he described it as more of a bond and said we don't like to be present in our life's….I felt like he knows me…

  22. Who noticed the writing on his hand at 6:34, great video btw and I hope it helps a lot of people

    just noticed it was really visible ;(

  23. Well some drugs are mentally addictive where your brain builds a dependancy cos u feel like u need it to fix some problem you have in life so like self medicating but some drugs such as nicotine are physically addictive where regular use will cause almost inevitable addiction for no reason at all like I smoke 10 a day for no reason at all It just keeps me calm and helps me focus and that but I didn't have any reason to start I just got addicted cos I smoked too often whereas other drugs I can take regularly and not get addicted cos I have no reason to so this isn't the case for all drugs

  24. What this guy misses is the fact that drugs make you do really awful things to other people, stealing to pay for drugs is just the start, drugs can even influence people to murder. Thats the kind of behavior addicts wanna get away from and that is why they are banned. It isnt just illegal self harm

  25. Turns out getting pain killers for treatment actually does turn a lot of people into addicts as the opioid crisis thought us.

  26. Great talk BUT addiction is A LOT more complicated than this talk gets into. Many addicts find themselves alone because they become VIOLENT towards loved ones which PUSHES them away. I know first hand. My brother violently attacked me twice while using drugs. The drug users LACK of responsibility for their addiction and behavior while addicted has to be factored in and seriously considered when discussing WHY addicts find themselves alone!

  27. I am an addict and I stopped going to AA and NA because of the lack of inclusion. I teach a relapse prevention model now and encourage all my clients to go to 12 step and spread this message . Not because I think 12 step is bad but because this concept belongs there.

  28. The script for this talk sounds a lot like the kurzgesagt video on addiction. (Or is it the other way around?)

    E: it looks like kurzgesagt plagiarised it, I think.

  29. I want you to know I cried all throughout the video. My story I thought was one of addiction by prescription but after listening to you I realized I embraced the substance to shield my pain. A lot of pain.

    There were never material needs in my life but my heart and soul were empty.

    I am still crying because this came into my life as a problem after I lost all hope: at 59; 68 now, and the only reason I have never committed suicide because the thought has entered my mind and the reason that I have or will not is because I know there is one God.

    Thanks you for your love and compassion and for making me understand what the real reason for addiction or dependency is!

  30. Incredible…this man should win a Nobel Prize.
    The real problem, here in America, is there is more money to be made prolonging the problem than there is applying a solution.

  31. Our political leaders REALLY NEED to take this advice!!! I’ve struggled with addiction and agree entirely with this sentiment. When I’ve been depressed and suicidal my close friends and family are what stopped me going over the edge, had I been locked up and punished I honestly don’t think I’d be here today.

  32. But I hate other people and enjoy doing things on my own. I love being alone and at the same time I've got severe clinical depression what to do

  33. My brother is an addict of ten years. He just recently went back on the street after being kicked out of a sober living house and his girlfriend(just got clean) within 3 weeks on his 7th stay in rehab. My parents won’t let him stay with them because he lies, steals, won’t work and leaves the house only to buy booze. He’s also trashed both of their houses and threatened them on multiple occasions when staying there. Early this year I got him a job and let him live with me. He lasted two weeks before stealing money off me and disappearing for the night to hit the pipe. My family has done all we can for him and he won’t let his friends (what very few he has left) help him. He’s isolated himself from the world and I’m afraid there’s nothing we can do until he really wants to change. He won’t go to AA nor try the 12 steps. I believe he just uses rehab and detox as a rest. He has the tools to get clean. God willing he’ll find the power to straighten his life up. We would all like him back in our lives.

  34. Basically connection is the answer to mostly all Problems we, as the worlds population, have.
    Ignorance, Racism, Poverty, Loneliness, Addiction, Depression, Burn-Out, Materialism…
    All that wouldn't be as big of a problem as it is, if we would just get together.
    Love, Inspire and don't judge people! Because you can't be free, when you judge People!

    Great Talk by the way. But sadly, nothing changed. It's so sad we collect knowledge so fast, but not wisdom.

  35. i wish my mother would watch this. im that addict and she turned her back on me and we havent spoke since. but what she doesnt know is that im sober now for 2 yrs. but i need to forgive her just as she needs to forgive me….but i havent yet. n now its been 5 yrs since we last spoke………that felt good to get off my chest. thank you comment section;)

  36. I'm Portuguese and know the drug situation here. What you said here is NOT TRUE. What they did was give Methadone to stop criminality and destroyed Casal Ventoso which was the main source of heavy drugs. At some point, these rehab programs almost stoped. There was not a great help for job or somewhere to live. Simply, you would be identified (like it still happens now) and, if you where on the Methadone program, you could lower your sentence for some crimes you committed because of your addiction. Addicts would be beaten by the police, ashamed, taken their drugs (even if it was just a small amount that was obviously just for their own use).
    What you say here is what the government wants you to know because it looks good.
    Again, IT'S NOT TRUE!

  37. its important to note that in Portugal drug dealing is crime as well as possess drugs in larger quantities than the personal dose, and if a drug addicted is catched using drugs they will only be apriended and they will be encouraged to go to a reabilitation center. wat im tryig to point here is that the fact that the drug are decriminalized doesnt mean that is legal to sell and you will find them everywere

  38. “I love you and I don’t want you to be alone” is a phrase I’ve been begging to hear for so long… hearing it from him at least gives me hope that there are people who think this way about addicts. Thank you for this talk, I really needed it.

  39. I come back to this video everytime I need to tell someone why I decided not to use AA or other substance focused approach to deal with my addiction, and every time I watch it again I cry

  40. I have been a drug addict for years it was the life and friends I was addicted to. I've been clean almost a year I miss my friends and hope they are OK.

  41. Thank you so much for sharing this valuable information with us all!
    Connect with addicts and love them despite everything – that's the most important lesson I've learned today 🙂

  42. Yes, a thousand times yes! Real, flesh and blood connections create that bliss we wish to experience. There are so many ideologies that divide us. Identity (perceptions of ought versus is), religion (this god versus that god), racism (your color versus my color), the list goes on. Whatever ideology promotes the idea that some are less than others is a sad and terrible burden on the human condition.
    Taking the speakers analogy: God is the ultimate facebook celebrity. People handle his profile and how the masses are supposed to view him, he never reacts, but we let his minions interpret the world for us in a way that reflects the image they want us to have of him. They serve us That, nothing more than a framing device coz how could they, and make us feel oh so super special that we eat it up. Astonishingly many actually say "I know that guy, personally", with sincerity and conviction. We're then taught to perpetrate that idea on our children, to get them while they're young and impressionable. None of us will live to see the day, but some day i hope humanity will recover from highly communicable diseases such as racism and religion and develop resistences till they're gone and stay gone

  43. Don't buy it! I have a brain that tells me to stay away from things that will harm you no matter whose doing it! Been in the hospital, after surgery and had the sense enough to say NO to Oxy and instead Tylenol 3 for a very short time! It is self-inflicted! You know it could kill you but you keep on no matter what in spite of everyone's help. YOU DON'T CARE SO WHY SHOULD WE?????

  44. I've been through addiction myself and came through the other side. A lot of the truths I came to myself on my journey I see this man speaking about today. I see a lot of the programs that are running for addiction today, for example the 12 step program, are actually counter productive to beating addiction as they teach that an addict is an addict for the rest of their lives which having tried 12 steps, I know what this realization does to a persons mind. It solidifies the issue within the persons psyche that they are a drug addict for life and can only achieve maintenance in the long term.. Surely people must see the destructive nature of this concept. How can anyone overcome an absolute? I'll leave it there as this fallacy is self evident but people in the industry of recovery need to start pushing for social change which removes these fallacies of concern and the theory that punishment is effective in change as I know personally that I achieved change with no urges to use or triggers today because I was lucky enough to find people who new they had to give me my humanity back in order to become human again….

  45. i dont want to step on anyones toes… but what this dude is saying is pure bullshit made to make people "see the light"…

    im sry to tell you but negotine IS more addictive than eating apples… your body do urge for those chemicals… its not like eating pizza for 30 days and then try to stop eating pizza… sure it can be mental challenging to stop eating pizza and you can even feel the taste of pizza you want so bad when its not there… all that are the same… the psychological aspect is true…

    the difference is that you start sweating and puking when you stop smoking heroine… i didnt do that when i stopped eating fast food… i dont know the names of the chemicals and why they release the dopamin your body become independant on… im not gonna try to sound like a doctor… but it pisses me off that this dude is being sold as a saint when he really is a liar that doesnt respect peoples ability to make their own choices…

    some people believe the goal is all that matters… they dont care if you have another opinion than them… all that matters is that you forfill their goals in life… not your own… only theirs…

    those are called normal people…

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