Female Reproductive System Problems |reproductive health |women’s health

Female Reproductive System Problems |reproductive health |women’s health


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about Problems of the Female Reproductive System. Some girls might experience reproductive system
problems, such as: Problems of the Vulva and Vagina: Vulvovaginitis is an inflammation of the vulva
and vagina. It may be caused by irritating substances
(such as laundry soaps or bubble baths) or poor personal hygiene (such as wiping from
back to front after a bowel movement). Symptoms include redness and itching in the
vaginal and vulvar areas and sometimes vaginal discharge. Vulvovaginitis also can be caused by an overgrowth
of Candida, a fungus normally present in the vagina. Nonmenstrual vaginal bleeding is most commonly
due to the presence of a vaginal foreign body, often wadded-up toilet paper. It may also be due to urethral prolapse, in
which the mucous membranes of the urethra protrude into the vagina and form a tiny,
doughnut-shaped mass of tissue that bleeds easily. It also can be due to a straddle injury (such
as when falling onto a gymnastics beam or bicycle frame) or vaginal trauma from sexual
abuse. Labial adhesions, the sticking together or
adherence of the labia in the midline, usually appear in infants and young girls. Although there are usually no symptoms associated
with this condition, labial adhesions can lead to an increased risk of urinary tract
infection. Sometimes topical estrogen cream is used to
help separate the labia. Problems of the Ovaries and Fallopian Tubes: Ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized
egg, or zygote, doesn’t travel into the uterus, but instead grows rapidly in the fallopian
tube. A woman with this condition can develop severe
abdominal pain and should see a doctor because surgery may be necessary. Endometriosis occurs when tissue normally
found only in the uterus starts to grow outside the uterus — in the ovaries, fallopian tubes,
or other parts of the pelvic cavity. It can cause abnormal bleeding, painful periods,
and general pelvic pain. Ovarian tumors, although they’re rare, can
occur. Girls with ovarian tumors may have abdominal
pain and masses that can be felt in the abdomen. Surgery may be needed to remove the tumor. Ovarian cysts are noncancerous sacs filled
with fluid or semisolid material. Although they are common and generally harmless,
they can become a problem if they grow very large. Large cysts may push on surrounding organs,
causing abdominal pain. In most cases, cysts will disappear on their
own and treatment is unnecessary. If the cysts are painful, a doctor may prescribe
birth control pills to alter their growth or they may be removed by a surgeon. Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormone disorder
in which too many male hormones (androgens) are produced by the ovaries. This condition causes the ovaries to become
enlarged and develop many fluid-filled sacs, or cysts. It often first appears during the teen years. Depending on the type and severity of the
condition, it may be treated with drugs to regulate hormone balance and menstruation. Ovarian torsion, or the twisting of the ovary,
can occur when an ovary becomes twisted because of a disease or a developmental abnormality. The torsion blocks blood from flowing through
the blood vessels that supply and nourish the ovaries. The most common symptom is lower abdominal
pain. Surgery is usually necessary to correct it. Menstrual Problems:
A variety of menstrual problems can affect girls, including: Dysmenorrhea is when a girl has painful periods. Menorrhagia is when a girl has a very heavy
periods with excess bleeding. Oligomenorrhea is when a girl misses or has
infrequent periods, even though she’s been menstruating for a while and isn’t pregnant. Amenorrhea is when a girl has not started
her period by the time she is 16 years old or 3 years after starting puberty, has not
developed signs of puberty by age 14, or has had normal periods but has stopped menstruating
for some reason other than pregnancy. Infections of the Female Reproductive System: These include pelvic inflammatory disease
(PID), human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), human
papillomavirus (HPV, or genital warts), syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and genital herpes (HSV). Most are spread from one person to another
by physical contact. Toxic shock syndrome. This uncommon but life-threatening illness
is caused by toxins released into the body during a type of bacterial infection that
is more likely to develop if a tampon is left in too long. It can produce high fever, diarrhea, vomiting,
and shock. If you think your daughter may have symptoms
of a problem with her reproductive system or if you have questions about her growth
and development, talk to your doctor — many problems with the female reproductive system
can be treated. We hope you find this video helpful, like
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