Ghusl after  Menstruation, Al-Istihadhah (irregular bleeding) and  Post-natal Bleeding

Ghusl after Menstruation, Al-Istihadhah (irregular bleeding) and Post-natal Bleeding


“Menstruation, Al-Ista-Haadhah (irregular bleeding) and Post-natal Bleeding” “Islam addresses the woman with special care, especially the scholars. They allotted many pages in their books, which we may refer to as fiqh (Islamic legislation) for the woman” The most apparent chapter in this fiqh is the fiqh of menstruation Scholars of linguistics define menstruation as the flowing and course of something. “In the context of Islamic Law, it is defined as blood that flows from the uterus of a female at a particular time (in the month) and without any cause, when she is healthy.” “The blood is black in colour, is accompanied by abdominal pains, and has an objectionable odor. The woman also might feel particularly hot during her cycle.” “No forms of worship are obligatory on a young girl until she starts to menstruate, the age of which differs according to the environment, weather and nature of each female. ” “And even though there is no particular length for the menstrual cycle, most women menstruate for six or seven days.” “The Prophet ﷺ said to Hamnah bint JaHsh who used to menstruate for many days: “Observe your menses for six or seven days, Allah alone knows which it should be. After that you must take a (purificatory) bath.” Abu Dawud” “There are many points for discussion in the chapter of menstruation, which the scholars explained in their books.” “The first point is that the fundamental principle in Islamic Law is that a pregnant woman doesn’t menstruate. But when a pregnant woman sees blood when the time for delivery is near, and this is accompanied with pains (contractions), then this blood is de” “Also, if the menstrual cycle comes earlier or later than it usually does for a particular woman, or lasted longer or shorter than the normal length for her, one should not give the matter any consideration. Whenever one sees blood, it is to be considered ” “ٍSimilarly, the scholars stressed that the purity of a woman is known by a whitish discharge – which is a white liquid that is discharged when the menstrual cycle finishes. But if there is no whitish discharge, a sign of purity is dryness. This is known b” “The legislative topics of menstruation include two important matters, Al-Kudrah and As-Sufrah.” As-Sufrah is the pale yellow blood that flows from a female. “Al-Kudrah is black or very, very dark blood.” “When a woman sees pale yellow blood or black blood during the period of menstruation or just before the time of purity (from menstruation), the ruling regarding one who menstruates applies for her.” “This is in accordance with the hadeeth narrated by A’ishah. She stated that the women used to use pieces of cloth similar to pads during their menstrual cycles. When they saw the cotton stained with pale yellow blood, she would say to them: “Do not be in ” “But if a woman sees pale yellow blood or black blood after purification (from menstruation), it will not be regarded or given any consideration, and neither wudu’ nor al-ghusl is imperative on her.” This is according to the hadeeth narrated by Umm’ ‘Atiyyah when she said: “We used to not regard Al-Kudrah and As-Sufrah as (being) important after purification.” Abu Dawud The Ruling of Intermittent Menstruation “If a woman sees menstrual blood on a day and purity on another, her situation is one of the following two situations:” “The blood flows continuously from her without stopping, which is a condition known as Al-Istihadhah.” “Or the flow of the blood is discontinuous or intermittent, as the flow of blood is present sometimes and she is pure at other times,” At such a time there is one of two rulings for the woman: “First: If the blood flow stops for less than a day, that day is counted as part of a menstrual period.” “Second: If she sees what indicates purity (e.g. a whitish discharge) at this time, this is considered the end of menstruation. She then is regarded as being pure, regardless of whether the blood has stopped recently or a long time ago, or it stopped for m” Al-Istihadhah “Al-istihadhah is often confused for menstruation, and vice versa.” The scholars of fiqh have defined al-istihadhah as the continuous flow of blood from the vagina of a woman. It doesn’t stop at all or it stops for only a short while. “It is possible to differentiate between the two types of blood as menstrual blood is thick and black whereas al-istihadhah blood is light red. Also, the first has an objectionable, foul odor, where as the second has no odor. Menstrual blood does not clot,” Various Situations of One Experiencing Istihadhah A woman experiencing al-istihadhah fits into one of four possible situations. “Firstly, she had a set period for her menses before the occurrence of istihadah. She should first apportion this number of days for her menses, and then count the remaining days as istihadah. ” “Ai’shah reported that Fatimah bint Abi Hubaish  said: “O messenger of Allah, my menses do not stop, do I leave Salāh?” He replied: “No, that is what flows from a blood vessel. You should not observe As-Salāh for the number of days you usually have menstr” “Secondly, she didn’t have a set period for her menses, but she is capable of distinguishing between menstrual and istihadhah blood. In this case she should distinguish between the two types of blood.” “It is confirmed from Fatimah bint Abi Hubaish  that she used to suffer from istihadhah and the Prophet ﷺ said to her: “If it is menstrual blood, which is a known dark blood, then do not observe As-salāh. But if it is the other (Istihadah blood), just per” “Thirdly, she did not have a set time for her cycle and she is not capable of distinguishing between the two – menstrual blood and istihadhah blood. In this case, she apportions the most common number of days that most women menstruate, for her menses. Thi” “This is because of the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him) to Hamnah bint Jahsh, may Allah be pleased with her:” ““Observe your menses for six or seven days, Allah alone knows which it should be; then wash. And when you see that you are purified and quite clean, pray for the next twenty-three or twenty-four days and nights and fast, ” “for that will be enough for you, and do so every month, just as women menstruate and are purified at the time of their menstruation and their purification.” Abu Dawud” The fourth and last situation is when she had a known period and she is also able to distinguish between the two: menstrual blood and istihadhah blood. This woman counts her menses according to her customary number of days; and does not try to attempt to What remains to be discussed are some points that scholars have elaborated on: “The first one is that if a woman experiencing istihadah knows when her period of menstruation starts, but she then forgot the number of days, she therefore calculates using the most usual number of days for menstruation of the women – six or seven days. ” “If a woman knows the number of days for her period but forgets the time for her cycle, i.e. if it comes at the beginning or end of the month, then she calculates the number of days she uses for menstruating from the beginning of the month.” “But if she says that it usually occurs in the middle of the month, but she isn’t sure of the day it actually occurs, then she starts to calculate the number of days of menstruation from the first day in the middle of the month, because the middle of the m” “And when the period for menstruation is over, a woman experiencing istihadah must take a purificatory bath (ghusl) and put a piece of cloth or the like around her vagina, and thus she is considered pure. She prays and fasts without bothering about the blo” First: She performs wudu’ for prayers at the beginning of the time of each Salāh. She does this after she has cleaned her private parts and placed a piece of cloth over her vagina. “The Prophet ﷺ said to Fatimah bint Hubaish: “Thereafter, perform wudu’ for each Salāh, then observe As-salāh.” Abu Dawud” “Second: She delays Zhuhr until soon before Asr, she then takes a bath after which she observes both Zhuhr and Asr, and similarly for Maghrib and Ishaa. ” “This is due to the statement of the Prophet ﷺ to Hamnah bint Jahsh : “If you’re able, delay Zhuhr and hasten Asr, take a bath and pray the two together (Zhuhr and Asr). And if you can, delay Maghrib and hasten Ishaa, take a bath and observe the two tog” Third: She takes a bath for each Salāh. “This is according to what was recorded concerning Umm Habibah who suffered from Istihadah for seven years. She asked the Messenger of Allah ﷺ about this, and he ordered her to take a purificatory bath. Thereafter, she took a bath for every subsequent sal” “If a woman bleeds for any reason – e.g. surgery on the uterus and blood flows out of her vagina, one of the two following conditions will be applicable:” “First: That she can’t menstruate any more (passed menopause). In this condition, she will not be under the rulings concerning istihadah and will not be prevented from Salāh at any time. The blood will be considered as blood occurring as a result of sickne” “Second: That it is still possible for her to menstruate (has not attained menopause). In this case, the rulings of istihadah apply. ” There remains one important matter which the scholars have discussed. This is that it is permissible to have intercourse with a woman suffering from istihadah because the Shari’ah does not prohibit this. Post-natal Bleeding Now we will move from menstruation to post-natal bleeding. The scholars have defined post-natal bleeding as blood that comes from the uterus of a female as a result of childbirth. “Its time period is usually forty days, but it could be less than that.” “As soon as it stops, she takes a bath and starts to observe As-Salā.” There are many rulings concerning post-natal bleeding “First: If a woman gives birth and sees no blood, although this is indeed very uncommon, she performs wudu’ then prays. She does not have to take a bath (ghusl).” “Second: When post-natal bleeding continues for more than forty days and her usual condition is that it stops after the fortieth day, and there are indications that the bleeding may stop, then she waits for the bleeding to stop. But if the bleeding continu” “Post-natal bleeding is not confirmed until what is born has the shape of a human. If a woman gives birth to an embryo or a foetus that is born before maturity and which does not have the shape of a human, there are three conditions:” “First: This is just bad blood if it occurs before the first forty days of pregnancy. She is thus required to take a bath, pray and fast. ” “Second: If this occurs after eighty days of pregnancy, then it is post natal bleeding. ” “Third: If this occurs between forty and eighty days, then it (the blood) is checked to see if it is a fetus. If it is, then the blood is post-natal, but if otherwise, it’s just bad blood.” “After a detailed study of the rules for menstruation and post-natal bleeding, the scholars stated that certain acts are forbidden for one who is menstruating or experiencing post-natal bleeding, the first one being sexual intercourse,” “due to the saying of Allah, the Exalted: “They ask you concerning menstruation say: That is an Adha (a harmful thing for a husband to have intercourse with his wife while she is having her menses). Therefore keep away from women during menses and don’t ap” And the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him) (to the companions) when this verse was revealed: “Do everything (with them) (during menstruation) except sexual intercourse.” Muslim. A man who has sexual intercourse with his wife while she is menstruating is a sinner. He has to pay a penalty for the expiation of his sin. She also pays a penalty if she willingly agreed to this act. The penalty is giving charity worth a gold dinar or half a gold dinar. This is according to the hadeeth narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas in which the Prophet ﷺ said concerning the one that had intercourse with his wife during menstruation: “He should pay the value of a dinar or half a dinar.” Muslim. A dinar equals 4.25 grams of gol “When a woman’s menstrual flow stops, a man must not have sexual intercourse with his wife until she has taken a purificatory bath.” “Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, says: “… And don’t approach them until they are purified…..” (Baqarah:222) i.e. purified from menstrual blood.” “Then He says: “….and when they have purified themselves…..” (Baqarah: 222) i.e. have taken a bath, then He says:” “….then approach them as Allah has ordained for you…..”(Baqarah: 222) i.e. sexual intercourse. “Similarly, one who is menstruating is forbidden to do Aṣ- ṢALĀH (prayer), as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “When menstruation comes, leave As-Salāh, but when it leaves, take a bath (to be purifed) from the blood and commence with As-Salāh.” Abu Da” “Due to Allah’s mercy for women, He did not order them to make-up As- Salāh they missed due to menstruation after they had finished menstruating. It’s reported from A’ishah (رضي الله عنها) that she was asked about why women make up for missed fasts (as a r” “Offering prayers at or within their prescribed times is obligatory on a woman who is close to the beginning of her menstrual cycle until she actually starts to menstruate. Similarly, this applies to a woman whose cycle has ended slightly before the time t” The Prophet ﷺ said: “He who catches a complete raka’a of Salāh (prayer) (with the Imam) has indeed caught the whole As-Salāh.” Agreed upon. “It is also forbidden for one who is menstruating or experiencing post-natal bleeding to fast. The Prophet ﷺ said: “Is it not that when she (any Muslimah) menstruates, she will not fast or pray?” We replied: “O, yes!” Bukhari.” “If the menstrual blood of a woman stops before Fajr and she fasts; her fast is valid, even if she does not take a bath until after Fajr.” “Similarly, it is forbidden for one who is menstruating or experiencing post-natal bleeding to touch the Qur’an (with their bare hands)” Allah Says: “None should touch it (the Qur’an) but the purified ones.” (Al-Waaqi’ah: 79) “The Prophet ﷺ said: “The Quran should not be touched except by the pure.” Malik in “”Al-Muwatta””” It is also forbidden when menstruating or experiencing post-natal bleeding to circumambulate the Ka’bah “The Prophet ﷺ said to A’ishah when she menstruated: “Do what a pilgrim does, except circumambulation, until you are pure from your menstrual cycle.” Agreed upon.” “Also, Ibn ‘Abbas  narrated that the people were ordered (by the Prophet (peace be upon him)) to perform circumambulation of the Ka’bah as the last deed during Hajj, except the menstruating women, who were excused from it.” “Staying in the mosque, except for a Wayfarer or Traveler, is forbidden for a menstruating woman or one experiencing post-natal bleeding.” “Allah says: “O you who believe! Approach not As-salāh (the prayer) when you are in a drunken state until you know (the meaning of what you utter), nor when you are in a state of janabah (sexual impurity), except when you are on a journey (or just passing ” “And the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): “”It is not permitted for a menstruating woman or one who is junub (sexually impure) to stay in the mosque.”” Abu Dawud” “Similarly, it is forbidden for a man to divorce his wife when she is menstruating.” “Allah, the Exalted, says: “ O Prophet ﷺ, when you divorce women, divorce them at their Iddah (prescribed times),” (At-Talaq: 1) ” “meaning when they are in a state of purity and not menstruating – so their iddah can be calculated accurately. But the divorce is to be counted, even though it is forbidden and an innovation.” The scholars have pointed out that it is forbidden for a menstruating woman to stay in the same place where the people are praying the Eid Prayer. The Prophet ﷺ said: “The menstruating women should stay away from the place of prayer (for the Eid Prayer).” Agreed upon. “But it is recommended for them to go to the Eid congregation for prayer, listen to the sermon, and see the goodness and the supplication of the Muslims.”

6 comments

  1. Period ke bad 7 din ku gusul padke nahane ke dua chahiye agar kisiku padne ku nai malum to vo Kya karinge

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