University of Birmingham | Wikipedia audio article

University of Birmingham | Wikipedia audio article


The University of Birmingham (informally Birmingham
University) is a public research university located in Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
It received its royal charter in 1900 as a successor to Queen’s College, Birmingham (founded
in 1825 as the Birmingham School of Medicine and Surgery) and Mason Science College (established
in 1875 by Sir Josiah Mason), making it the first English civic or ‘red brick’ university
to receive its own royal charter. It is a founding member of both the Russell Group
of British research universities and the international network of research universities, Universitas
21. The university was ranked 14th in the UK and
79th in the world in the QS World University Rankings for 2019. In 2013, Birmingham was
named ‘University of the Year 2014’ in the Times Higher Education awards. The 2017 Global
Employability University Ranking places Birmingham at 142nd worldwide and 10th in the UK. Birmingham
is also ranked 5th in the UK for Graduate Prospects in The Times and The Sunday Times
Good University Guide 2018.The student population includes 22,440 undergraduate and 12,395 postgraduate
students, which is the fourth largest in the UK (out of 167). The annual income of the
institution for 2016–17 was £635.6 million of which £124.0 million was from research
grants and contracts, with an expenditure of £597.3 million.The university is home
to the Barber Institute of Fine Arts, housing works by Van Gogh, Picasso and Monet; the
Shakespeare Institute; the Cadbury Research Library, home to the Mingana Collection of
Middle Eastern manuscripts; the Lapworth Museum of Geology; and the Joseph Chamberlain Memorial
Clock Tower, which is a prominent landmark visible from many parts of the city. Academics
and alumni of the university include former British Prime Ministers Neville Chamberlain
and Stanley Baldwin, the British composer Sir Edward Elgar and eleven Nobel laureates.==History=====Queen’s College===Although the earliest beginnings of the university
were previously traced back to the Queen’s College which is linked to William Sands Cox
in his aim of creating a medical school along strictly Christian lines, unlike the London
medical schools, further research has now revealed the roots of the Birmingham Medical
School in the medical education seminars of Mr John Tomlinson, the first surgeon to the
Birmingham Workhouse Infirmary, and later to the General Hospital. These classes were
the first ever held outside London or south of the Scottish border in the winter of 1767–68.
The first clinical teaching was undertaken by medical and surgical apprentices at the
General Hospital, opened in 1779. The medical school which grew out of the Birmingham Workhouse
Infirmary was founded in 1828 but Cox began teaching in December 1825. Queen Victoria
granted her patronage to the Clinical Hospital in Birmingham and allowed it to be styled
“The Queen’s Hospital”. It was the first provincial teaching hospital in England. In 1843, the
medical college became known as Queen’s College.===Mason Science College===In 1870, Sir Josiah Mason, the Birmingham
industrialist and philanthropist, who made his fortune in making key rings, pens, pen
nibs and electroplating, drew up the Foundation Deed for Mason Science College. The college
was founded in 1875. It was this institution that would eventually form the nucleus of
the University of Birmingham. In 1882, the Departments of Chemistry, Botany and Physiology
were transferred to Mason Science College, soon followed by the Departments of Physics
and Comparative Anatomy. The transfer of the Medical School to Mason Science College gave
considerable impetus to the growing importance of that college and in 1896 a move to incorporate
it as a university college was made. As the result of the Mason University College Act
1897 it became incorporated as Mason University College on 1 January 1898, with Joseph Chamberlain
becoming the President of its Court of Governors.===Royal charter===
It was largely due to Chamberlain’s enthusiasm that the university was granted a royal charter
by Queen Victoria on 24 March 1900. The Calthorpe family offered twenty-five acres (10 hectares)
of land on the Bournbrook side of their estate in July. The Court of Governors received the
Birmingham University Act 1900, which put the royal charter into effect on 31 May. Birmingham
was therefore arguably the first so-called red brick university, although several other
universities claim this title. The transfer of Mason University College to
the new University of Birmingham, with Chamberlain as its first chancellor and Sir Oliver Lodge
as the first principal, was complete. All that remained of Josiah Mason’s legacy was
his Mermaid in the sinister chief of the university shield and of his college, the double-headed
lion in the dexter. It became the first civic and campus university in England.The University
Charter of 1900 also included provision for a commerce faculty, as was appropriate for
a university itself founded by industrialists and based in a city with enormous business
wealth, in effect creating the first Business School in England. Consequently, the faculty,
the first of its kind in Britain, was founded by Sir William Ashley in 1901, who from 1902
until 1923 served as first Professor of Commerce and Dean of the Faculty.
From 1905 to 1908, Edward Elgar held the position of Peyton Professor of Music at the university.
He was succeeded by his friend Granville Bantock.The university’s own heritage archives are accessible
for research through the university’s Cadbury Research Library which is open to all interested
researchers.The Great Hall in the Aston Webb Building was converted into the 1st Southern
General Hospital during World War I, with 520 beds and treated 125,000 injured servicemen.===Expansion===In 1939, the Barber Institute of Fine Arts,
designed by Robert Atkinson, was opened. In 1956, the first MSc programme in Geotechnical
Engineering commenced under the title of “Foundation Engineering”, and has been run annually at
the university since. It was the first geotechnical post-graduate school in England.The UK’s longest-running
MSc programme in Physics and Technology of Nuclear Reactors also started at the university
in 1956, the same year that the world’s first commercial nuclear power station was opened
at Calder Hall in Cumbria. In 1957, Sir Hugh Casson and Neville Conder
were asked by the university to prepare a masterplan on the site of the original 1900
buildings which were incomplete. The university drafted in other architects to amend the masterplan
produced by the group. During the 1960s, the university constructed numerous large buildings,
expanding the campus. In 1963, the university helped in the establishment of the faculty
of medicine at the University of Rhodesia, now the University of Zimbabwe (UZ). UZ is
now independent but both institutions maintain relations through student exchange programmes.
Birmingham also supported the creation of Keele University (formerly University College
of North Staffordshire) and the University of Warwick under the Vice-Chancellorship of
Sir Robert Aitken who acted as ‘godfather’ to the University of Warwick. The initial
plan was to establish a satellite university college in Coventry but Aitken advised an
independent initiative to the University Grants Committee.Malcolm X, the Afro-American human
rights activist, addressed the University Debating Society in 1965.===Scientific discoveries and inventions
===The university has been involved in many scientific
breakthroughs and inventions. From 1925 until 1948, Sir Norman Haworth was Professor and
Director of the Department of Chemistry. He was appointed Dean of the Faculty of Science
and acted as Vice-Principal from 1947 until 1948. His research focused predominantly on
carbohydrate chemistry in which he confirmed a number of structures of optically active
sugars. By 1928, he had deduced and confirmed the structures of maltose, cellobiose, lactose,
gentiobiose, melibiose, gentianose, raffinose, as well as the glucoside ring tautomeric structure
of aldose sugars. His research helped to define the basic features of the starch, cellulose,
glycogen, inulin and xylan molecules. He also contributed towards solving the problems with
bacterial polysaccharides. He was a recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1937.The
cavity magnetron was developed in the Department of Physics by Sir John Randall, Harry Boot
and James Sayers. This was vital to the Allied victory in World War II. In 1940, the Frisch–Peierls
memorandum, a document which demonstrated that the atomic bomb was more than simply
theoretically possible, was written in the Physics Department by Sir Rudolf Peierls and
Otto Frisch. The university also hosted early work on gaseous diffusion in the Chemistry
department when it was located in the Hills building. Many windows in the Aston Webb building
overlooking the former fume cupboards were opaque from being attacked by hydrofluoric
acid well into recent years. Physicist Sir Mark Oliphant made a proposal
for the construction of a proton-synchrotron in 1943, however he made no assertion that
the machine would work. In 1945, phase stability was discovered; consequently, the proposal
was revived, and construction of a machine that could surpass 1GeV began at the university.
However, because of lack of funds, the machine did not start until 1953. The Brookhaven National
Laboratory managed to beat them; they started their Cosmotron in 1952, and get it entirely
working in 1953, before the University of Birmingham.In 1947, Sir Peter Medawar was
appointed Mason Professor of Zoology at the university. His work involved investigating
the phenomenon of tolerance and transplantation immunity. He collaborated with Rupert E. Billingham
and they did research on problems of pigmentation and skin grafting in cattle. They used skin
grafting to differentiate between monozygotic and dizygotic twins in cattle. Taking the
earlier research of R. D. Owen into consideration, they concluded that actively acquired tolerance
of homografts could be artificially reproduced. For this research, Medawar was elected a Fellow
of the Royal Society. He left Birmingham in 1951 and joined the faculty at University
College London, where he continued his research on transplantation immunity. He was a recipient
of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1960.===Recent history===
In 1999 talks commenced on the possibility of Aston University integrating itself into
the University of Birmingham as the University of Birmingham, Aston Campus. This would have
resulted in the University of Birmingham expanding to become one of the largest universities
in the UK, with a student body of 30,000. Talks were halted in 2001 after Aston University
determined the timing to be inopportune. While Aston University management was in favour
of the integration, and reception among staff was generally positive, the Aston student
union voted two-to-one against the integration. Despite this set back, the Vice Chancellor
of the University of Birmingham said the door remained open to recommence talks when Aston
University is ready. The final round of the first ever televised
leaders’ debates, hosted by the BBC, was held at the university during the 2010 British
general election campaign on 29 April 2010. It also acted as a training camp for the Jamaican
track and field team prior to the 2012 London Olympics.On 9 August 2010 the university announced
that for the first time it would not enter the UCAS clearing process for 2010 admission,
which matches under-subscribed courses to students who did not meet their firm or insurance
choices, due to all places being taken. Largely a result of the Financial crisis of 2007–2010,
Birmingham joined fellow Russell Group universities including Oxford, Cambridge, Edinburgh and
Bristol in not offering any clearing places.A new library was opened for the 2016/17 academic
year, and a new sports centre opened in May 2017. The previous Main Library and the old
Munrow Sports Centre have both since been demolished, with the demolition of the old
library being completed in November 2017.===Controversies===The discipline of cultural studies was founded
at the university and between 1964 and 2002 the campus was home to the Centre for Contemporary
Cultural Studies, a leading research centre whose members’ work came to be known as the
Birmingham School of Cultural Studies. Despite being established by one of the key figures
in the field, Richard Hoggart, and being later directed by the renowned theorist Stuart Hall,
the department was controversially closed down.Analysis showed that the university was
fourth in a list of British universities that faced the most Employment Tribunal claims
between 2008 and 2011. They were the second most likely to settle these before the hearing
date.In 2011 a Parliamentary Early Day Motion was proposed arguing against the Guild suspending
the elected Sabbatical Vice President (Education), who was arrested while taking part in protest
activity. In December 2011 it was announced that the
university had obtained a 12-month-long injunction against a group of around 25 students, who
occupied a residential building on campus from 23 to 26 November 2011, preventing them
from engaging in further “occupational protest action” on the university’s grounds without
prior permission. It was misreported in the press that this injunction applied to all
students, however the court order defines the defendants as:
Persons unknown (including students of the University of Birmingham) entering or remaining
upon the buildings known as No. 2 Lodge Pritchatts Road, Birmingham at the University of Birmingham
for the purpose of protest action (without the consent of the University of Birmingham)
The university and the Guild of Students also clarified the scope of the injunction in an
e-mail sent to all students on 11 January 2012, stating “The injunction applies only
to those individuals who occupied the lodge”. The university said that it sought this injunction
as a safety precaution based on a previous occupation. Three separate human rights groups,
including Amnesty International, condemned the move as restrictive on human rights.==Campuses=====Edgbaston campus======= Original buildings====The main campus of the university occupies
a site some 3 miles (4.8 km) south-west of Birmingham city centre, in Edgbaston. It is
arranged around Joseph Chamberlain Memorial Clock Tower (affectionately known as ‘Old
Joe’ or ‘Big Joe’), a grand campanile which commemorates the university’s first chancellor,
Joseph Chamberlain. Chamberlain may be considered the founder of Birmingham University, and
was largely responsible for the university gaining its Royal Charter in 1900 and for
the development of the Edgbaston campus. The university’s Great Hall is located in the
domed Aston Webb Building, which is named after one of the architects – the other
was Ingress Bell. The initial 25-acre (100,000 m2) site was given to the university in 1900
by Lord Calthorpe. The grand buildings were an outcome of the £50,000 given by steel
magnate and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie to establish a “first class modern scientific
college” on the model of Cornell University in the United States. Funding was also provided
by Sir Charles Holcroft.The original domed buildings, built in Accrington red brick,
semicircle to form Chancellor’s Court. This sits on a 30 feet (9.1 m) drop, so the architects
placed their buildings on two tiers with a 16 feet (4.9 m) drop between them. The clock
tower stands in the centre of the Court. The campanile itself draws its inspiration
from the Torre del Mangia, a medieval clock tower that forms part of the Town Hall in
Siena, Italy. When it was built, it was described as ‘the intellectual beacon of the Midlands’
by the Birmingham Post. The clock tower was Birmingham’s tallest building from the date
of its construction in 1908 until 1969; it is now the third highest in the city. It is
one of the top 50 tallest buildings in the UK, and the tallest free-standing clock tower
in the world, although there is some confusion about its actual height, with the university
listing it both as 110 metres (361 ft) and 325 feet (99 m) tall in different sources. The campus has a wide diversity in architectural
types and architects. “What makes Birmingham so exceptional among the Red Brick universities
is the deployment of so many other major Modernist practices: only Oxford and Cambridge boast
greater selections”. The Guild of Students original section was designed by Birmingham
inter-war architect Holland Hobbiss who also designed the King Edward’s School opposite.
It was described as “Redbrick Tudorish” by Nikolaus Pevsner.The statue on horseback fronting
the entrance to the university and Barber Institute of Fine Arts is a 1722 statue of
George I rescued from Dublin in 1937. This was saved by Bodkin, a director of the National
Gallery of Ireland and first director of the Barber Institute. The statue was commissioned
by the Dublin Corporation from the Flemish sculptor John van Nost.Final negotiations
for part of what is now the Vale were only completed in March 1947. By then, properties
which would have their names used for halls of residences such as Wyddrington and Maple
Bank were under discussion and more land was obtained from the Calthorpe estate in 1948
and 1949 providing the setting for the Vale. Construction on the Vale started in 1962 with
the creation of a 3-acre (12,000 m2) artificial lake and the building of Ridge, High, Wyddrington
and Lake Halls. The first, Ridge Hall, opened for 139 women in January 1964, with its counterpart
High Hall admitting its first male residents the following October.====1960s and modern expansion====The university underwent a major expansion
in the 1960s due to the production of a masterplan by Casson, Conder and Partners. The first
of the major buildings to be constructed to a design by the firm was the Refectory and
Staff House which was built in 1961 and 1962. The two buildings are connected by a bridge.
The next major buildings to be constructed were the Wyddrington and Lake Halls and the
Faculty of Commerce and Social Science, all completed in 1965. The Wyddrington and Lake
Halls, on Edgbaston Park Road, were designed by H. T. Cadbury-Brown and contained three
floors of student dwellings above a single floor of communal facilities.The Faculty of
Commerce and Social Science, now known as the Ashley Building, was designed by Howell,
Killick, Partridge and Amis and is a long, curving two-storey block linked to a five-storey
whorl. The two-storey block follows the curve of the road, and has load-bearing brick cross
walls. It is faced in specially-made concrete blocks. The spiral is faced with faceted pre-cast
concrete cladding panels. It was statutorily listed in 1993 and a refurbishment by Berman
Guedes Stretton was completed in 2006.Chamberlain, Powell and Bon were commissioned to design
the Physical Education Centre which was built in 1966. The main characteristic of the building
is the roof of the changing rooms and small gymnasium which has hyperbolic paraboloid
roof light shells and is completely paved in quarry tiles. The roof of the sports hall
consists of eight conoidal 2½-inch thick sprayed concrete shells springing from 80-foot
(24 m) long pre-stressed valley beams. On the south elevation, the roof is supported
on raking pre-cast columns and reversed shells form a cantilevered canopy.Also completed
in 1966 was the Mining and Minerals Engineering and Physical Metallurgy Departments, which
was designed by Philip Dowson of Arup Associates. This complex consisted of four similar three-storey
blocks linked at the corners. The frame is of pre-cast reinforced concrete with columns
in groups of four and the whole is planned as a tartan grid, allowing services to be
carried vertically and horizontally so that at no point in a room are services more than
ten feet away. The building received the 1966 RIBA Architecture Award for the West Midlands.
It was statutorily listed in 1993. Taking the full five years from 1962 to 1967, Birmingham
erected twelve buildings which each cost in excess of a quarter of a million pounds. In 1967, Lucas House, a new hall of residence
designed by The John Madin Design Group, was completed, providing 150 study bedrooms. It
was constructed in the garden of a large house. The Medical School was extended in 1967 to
a design by Leonard J. Multon and Partners. The two-storey building was part of a complex
which covers the southside of Metchley Fort, a Roman fort. In 1968, the Institute for Education
in the Department for Education was opened. This was another Casson, Conder and Partners-designed
building. The complex consisted of a group of buildings centred around an eight-storey
block, containing study offices, laboratories and teaching rooms. The building has a reinforced
concrete frame which is exposed internally and the external walls are of silver-grey
rustic bricks. The roofs of the lecture halls, penthouse and Child Study wing are covered
in copper.Arup Associates returned in the 1960s to design the Arts and Commerce Building,
better known as Muirhead Tower and houses the Institute of Local Government Studies.
This was completed in 1969. A £42 million refurbishment of the 16-storey tower was completed
in 2009 and it now houses the Colleges of Social Sciences and the Cadbury Research Library,
the new home for the University’s Special Collections. The podium was remodelled around
the existing Allardyce Nicol studio theatre, providing additional rehearsal spaces and
changing and technical facilities. The ground floor lobby now incorporates a Starbucks coffee
shop. The name, Muirhead Tower, came from that of the first philosophy professor of
the University John Henry Muirhead.Recently completed is a 450-seat concert hall, called
the Bramall Music Building, which completes the redbrick semicircle of the Aston Webb
building designed by Glenn Howells Architects with venue design by Acoustic Dimensions.
This auditorium, with its associated research, teaching and rehearsal facilities, houses
the Department of Music. In August 2011 the University announced that architects Lifschutz
Davidson Sandilands and S&P were appointed to develop a new Indoor Sports Centre as part
of a £175 million investment in the campus.====Other features====In 1978, University station, on the Cross-City
Line, was opened to serve the university and its hospital. It is the only university campus
in mainland Britain with its own railway station.Located within the Edgbaston site of the university
is the Winterbourne Botanic Garden, a 24,000 square metre (258,000 square foot) Edwardian
Arts and Crafts style garden. The large statue in the foreground was a gift to the University
by its sculptor Sir Edward Paolozzi – the sculpture is named ‘Faraday’, and has an excerpt
from the poem ‘The Dry Salvages’ by T. S. Eliot around its base.
The University of Birmingham operates the Lapworth Museum of Geology in the Aston Webb
Building in Edgbaston. It is named after Charles Lapworth, a geologist who worked at Mason
Science College. Since November 2007, the university has been
holding a farmers’ market on the campus. Birmingham is the first university in the country to
have an accredited farmers’ market.The considerable extent of the estate meant that by the end
of the 1990s it was valued at £536 million.===Selly Oak campus===
The university’s Selly Oak campus is a short distance to the south of the main campus.
It was the home of a federation of nine colleges, known as Selly Oak Colleges, mainly focused
on theology, social work, and teacher training. The Federation was for many years associated
with the University of Birmingham. A new library, the Orchard Learning Resource Centre, was
opened in 2001, shortly before the Federation ceased to exist. The OLRC is now one of Birmingham
University’s site libraries. Among the Selly Oak Colleges was Westhill College, (later
the University of Birmingham, Westhill), which merged with the University’s School of Education
in 2001. In the following years most of the remaining colleges closed, leaving two colleges
which continue today, Woodbrooke College, a study and conference centre for the Society
of Friends, and Fircroft College, a small adult education college with residential provision.
Woodbrooke College’s Centre for Postgraduate Quaker Studies, established in 1998, works
with the University of Birmingham to deliver research supervision for the degrees of MA
by research and PhD.The Selly Oak campus is now home to the Department of Drama and Theatre
Arts in the newly refurbished Selly Oak Colleges Old Library and George Cadbury Hall 200 seat
theatre. The UK daytime television show Doctors is filmed on this campus. The University of
Birmingham School will occupy a brand new, purpose-built building located on the University’s
Selly Oak campus. The University of Birmingham School is sponsored by the University of Birmingham
and managed by an Academy Trust. The University of Birmingham School was scheduled to open
in September 2015.===Mason College and Queen’s College campus
===The Victorian neo-gothic Mason College building
in Birmingham city centre housed Birmingham University’s Faculties of Arts and Law for
over 50 years after the founding of the University in 1900. The Faculty of Arts building on the
Edgbaston campus was not constructed until 1959-61. The Faculties of Arts and Law then
moved to the Edgbaston Campus. The original Mason College building was demolished in 1962
as part of the redevelopment within the inner ring road.
The 1843 Gothic Revival building constructed opposite the Town Hall between Paradise Street
(the main entrance) and Swallow Street served as Queen’s College, one of the founder colleges
of the university. In 1904 the building was given a new buff-coloured terracotta and brick
front. The medical and scientific departments merged with Mason College in 1900 to form
the University of Birmingham and sought new premises in Edgbaston. The theological department
of Queen’s College did not merge with Mason College, but later moved in 1923 to Somerset
Road in Edgbaston, next to the University of Birmingham as the Queen’s Foundation, maintaining
a relationship with the University of Birmingham until a 2010 review. In the mid 1970s, the
original Queen’s College building was demolished, with the exception of the grade II listed
façade.==Organisation and administration=====Academic departments===Birmingham has departments covering a wide
range of subjects. On 1 August 2008, the university’s system was restructured into five ‘colleges’,
which are composed of numerous ‘schools’: Arts and Law (English, Drama and American
& Canadian Studies; History and Cultures; Languages, Cultures, Art History and Music;
Birmingham Law School; Philosophy, Theology and Religion)
Engineering and Physical Sciences (Chemistry; Chemical Engineering; Civil Engineering; Computer
Science; Engineering; Mathematics; Metallurgy and Materials; Physics and Astronomy)
Life and Environmental Sciences (Biosciences; Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences;
Psychology; Sport and Exercise Sciences) Medical and Dental Sciences (Institute of
Cancer and Genomic Sciences; Institute of Clinical Sciences; Institute of Inflammation
and Ageing; Institute of Applied Health Research; Institute of Cardiovascular Science; Institute
of Immunology and Immunotherapy; Institute of Metabolism and Systems Research; Institute
of Microbiology and Infection). Social Sciences (Birmingham Business School;
Education; Government and Society; Social Policy)
Liberal Arts and SciencesThe university is home to a number of research centres and schools,
including the Birmingham Business School, the oldest business school in England, the
University of Birmingham Medical School, the International Development Department, the
Institute of Local Government Studies, the Centre of West African Studies, the Centre
for Russian and East European Studies, the Centre of Excellence for Research in Computational
Intelligence and Applications and the Shakespeare Institute. An Institute for Research into
Superdiversity was established in 2013. Apart from traditional research and PhDs, under
the department of Engineering and Physical Sciences, the university offers split-site
PhD in Computer Science. The university is also home to the Birmingham Solar Oscillations
Network (BiSON) which consists of a network of six remote solar observatories monitoring
low-degree solar oscillation modes. It is operated by the High Resolution Optical Spectroscopy
group of the School of Physics and Astronomy, funded by the Science and Technology Facilities
Council (STFC).====International Development Department
====The International Development Department (IDD)
is a multi-disciplinary academic department focused on poverty reduction through developing
effective governance systems. The department is one of the leading UK centres for the postgraduate
study of international development. The department has been described as being a “highly regarded,
long-established specialist unit” with a “global reputation” by The Independent.===Off-campus establishments===A number of the university’s centres, schools
and institutes are located away from its two campuses in Edgbaston and Selly Oak: The Shakespeare Institute, in Stratford-upon-Avon,
which is a centre for postgraduate study dedicated to the study of William Shakespeare and the
literature of the English Renaissance. The Ironbridge Institute, in Ironbridge, which
offers postgraduate and professional development courses in heritage.
The School of Dentistry (the UK’s oldest dental school), in Birmingham City Centre.
The Raymond Priestley Centre, near Coniston in the Lake District, which is used for outdoor
pursuits and field work.There is also a Masonic Lodge that has been associated with the University
since 1938.====University of Birmingham Observatory
====In the early 1980s, the University of Birmingham
constructed an observatory next to the university playing fields, approximately 5 miles (8.0
km) south of the Edgbaston campus. The site was chosen because the night sky was ~100
times darker than the skies above campus. First light was on 8 December 1982, and the
Observatory was officially opened by the Astronomer Royal, Francis Graham-Smith, on 13 June 1984.
The observatory was upgraded in 2013. The Observatory is used primarily for undergraduate
teaching. It has two main instruments, a 16″ Cassegrain (working at f/19) and a 14″ Meade
LX200R (working at f/6.35). A third telescope is also present and is used exclusively for
visual observations. Members of the public are given chance to
visit the Observatory at regular Astronomy in the City events during the winter months.
These events include a talk on the night sky from a member of the University’s student
Astronomical Society; a talk on current astrophysics research, such as exoplanets, galaxy clusters
or gravitational-wave astronomy, a question-and-answer session, and the chance to observing using
telescopes both on campus and at the Observatory.===Branding===
The original coat of arms was designed in 1900. It features a double headed lion (on
the left) and a mermaid holding a mirror and comb (to the right). These symbols owe to
the coat of arms of the institution’s predecessor, Mason College.
In 2005 the university began rebranding itself. A simplified edition of the shield which had
been introduced in the 1980s reverted to a detailed version based on how it appears on
the university’s original Royal Charter.==Academic profile=====Libraries and collections===Birmingham University Library Services operates
nine site libraries. They are the Barber Fine Art Library, Barber Music Library, Barnes
Library, Education Library, Main Library, Orchard Learning Resource Centre, Dental Library,
and the Shakespeare Institute Library.The Shakespeare Institute’s library is a major
United Kingdom resource for the study of English Renaissance literature.The Cadbury Research
Library is home to the University of Birmingham’s historic collections of rare books, manuscripts,
archives, photographs and associated artefacts. The collections, which have been built up
over a period of 120 years consist of over 200,000 rare printed books including significant
incunabula, as well as over 4 million unique archive and manuscript collections. The Cadbury
Research Library is responsible for directly supporting the University’s research, learning
and teaching agenda, along with supporting the national and international research community.
The Cadbury Research Library contains the Chamberlain collection of papers from Neville
Chamberlain, Joseph Chamberlain and Austen Chamberlain, the Avon Papers belonging to
Anthony Eden with material on the Suez Crisis, the Cadbury Papers relating to the Cadbury
firm from 1900 to 1960, the Mingana Collection of Middle Eastern Manuscripts of Alphonse
Mingana, the Noël Coward Collection, the papers of Edward Elgar, Oswald Mosley, and
David Lodge, and the records of the English YMCA and of the Church Missionary Society.
The Cadbury Research Library has recently taken in the complete archive of UK Save the
Children. The Library holds important first editions such as De Humani Corporis (1543)
by Versalius, the Complete Works (1616) of Ben Jonson, two copies of The Temple of Flora
(1799-1807) by Robert Thornton and comprehensive collections of the works of Joseph Priestley
and D H Lawrence as well as many other significant works.
In 2015, a Quranic manuscript in the Mingana Collection was identified as one of the oldest
to have survived, having been written between 568 and 645.At the beginning of the 2016/17
academic year, a new main library opened on the Edgbaston campus and the old library has
now been demolished as part of the plans to create a ‘Green Heart’ as per the original
plans for the University whereby the clock tower would be visible from the North Gate.
The Harding Law Library was closed and renovated to become the University’s Translation and
Interpreting Suite.===Medicine===The University of Birmingham’s medical school
is one of the largest in Europe with well over 450 medical students being trained in
each of the clinical years and over 1,000 teaching, research, technical and administrative
staff. The school has centres of excellence in cancer, pharmacy, immunology, cardiovascular
disease, neuroscience and endocrinology and renowned nationally and internationally for
its research and developments in these fields. The medical school has close links with the
NHS and works closely with 15 teaching hospitals and 50 primary care training practices in
the West Midlands. The University Hospital Birmingham NHS Foundation
Trust is the main teaching hospital in the West Midlands. It has been given three stars
for the past four consecutive years. The trust also hosts the Royal Centre for Defence Medicine,
based at Selly Oak Hospital, which provides medical support to military personnel such
as military returned from fighting in the Iraq War.===Rankings and reputation===The 2017 U.S. News & World Report ranks Birmingham
118th in the world.In 2013, Birmingham was crowned ‘University of the Year 2014’ in the
Times Higher Education awards. The 2013 QS World University Rankings places Birmingham
University at 10th in the UK and 62nd internationally. Birmingham was ranked 12th in the UK in the
2008 Research Assessment Exercise with 16 percent of the university’s research regarded
as world-leading and a further 41 percent as internationally excellent, with particular
strengths in the fields of music, physics, biosciences, computer science, mechanical
engineering, political science, international relations and law. Course satisfaction was
at 85% in 2011 which grew to 88% in 2012.In 2015 the Complete University Guide placed
Birmingham 5th in the UK for graduate prospects, behind only Imperial, St.George’s, Cambridge
and Bath.Data from the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) placed the University
amongst the twelve elite institutions who among them take more than half of the students
with the highest A-level grades.Owing to Birmingham’s role as a centre of light engineering, the
university traditionally had a special focus on science, engineering and commerce, as well
as coal mining. It now teaches a full range of academic subjects and has five-star rating
for teaching and research in several departments. It is widely regarded as making a prominent
contribution to cancer studies, hosting the first Cancer Research UK Centre, and making
notable contributions to gravitational-wave astronomy, hosting the Institute of Gravitational
Wave Astronomy.The School of Computer Science ranked 1st in the 2014 Guardian University
Guide, 4th in the 2013 Sunday Times League Table and 6th in the 2014 Sunday Times League
Table.The Department of Philosophy ranked 3rd in the 2017 Guardian University League
Tables, below the University of Oxford and above the University of Cambridge, the first
being the University of St Andrews. The combined course of Computer Science and
Information Systems, titled Computer Systems Engineering was ranked 4th in the 2016 Guardian
University guide.The Department of Political Science and International Studies (POLSIS)
ranked 4th in the UK and 22nd in the world in the Hix rankings of political science departments.
The sociology department also ranked 4th by the Guardian University guide. The Research
Fortnight’s University Power Ranking, based on quality and quantity of research activity,
put the University of Birmingham 12th in the UK, leading the way across a broad range of
disciplines including Primary Care, Cancer Studies, Psychology and Sport and Exercise
Sciences. The School of Physics and Astronomy also performed well in the rankings, being
ranked 3rd in the 2012 Guardian University Guide and 7th in The Complete University Guide
2012. The School of Chemical Engineering is ranked second in the UK by the 2014 Guardian
University Guide.===Admissions===In terms of average UCAS points of entrants,
Birmingham ranked 25th in Britain in 2014. According to the 2017 Times and Sunday Times
Good University Guide, approximately 20% of Birmingham’s undergraduates come from independent
schools.The university gives offers of admission to 79.2% of its applicants, the 8th highest
amongst the Russell Group. In the 2016-17 academic year, the university had a domicile
breakdown of 76:5:18 of UK:EU:non-EU students respectively with a female to male ratio of
56:44.===Birmingham Heroes===
To highlight leading areas of research, the University has launched the Birmingham Heroes
scheme. Academics who lead research that impacts on the lives of people regionally, nationally
and globally can be nominated for selection. Heroes include: Alberto Vecchio and Andreas Freise for their
work as part of the LIGO Scientific Collaboration towards the first observation of gravitational
waves. Martin Freer, Toby Peters and Yulong Ding
for their work on energy efficient cooling Philip Newsome, Thomas Solomon and Patricia
Lalor for tackling the silent killers, liver disease and diabetes.
James Arthur, Kristján Kristjánsson, Sandra Cooke and Tom Harrison for promoting character
in education. Lisa Bortolotti, Ema Sullivan-Bissett and
Michael Larkin for their work on how to break down the stigma associated with mental illness.
Kate Thomas, Joe Alderman, Rima Dhillon and Shayan Ahmed for their research in and teaching
of life sciences. Pam Kearns, Charlie Craddock and Paul Moss
for cancer research. Anna Phillips, Glyn Humphreys and Janet Lord
who research healthy ageing. Pierre Purseigle, Peter Gray and Bob Stone
for using their historical knowledge to advise government organisations.
Paul Bowen and Nick Green for research into new materials to improve energy generation.
Lynne Macaskie, William Bloss and Jamie Lead for their study of pollutants, particularly
nanoscale pollutants. Paul Jackson, Scott Lucas and Stefan Wolff
for their work helping with post-conflict and advice on the application of aid.
Hongming Xu, Clive Roberts and Roger Reed for work on sustainable transport.
Moataz Attallah, Kiran Trehan and Tim Daffron for driving economic growth through improving
aerospace engineering, developing enterprise and pioneering industrial applications of
synthetic biology.===Birmingham Fellows===
The Birmingham Fellowship scheme was launched in 2011. The scheme encourages high potential
early career researchers to establish themselves as rounded academics and continue pursuing
their research interests. This scheme was the first of its kind, and has since been
emulated in several other Russell Group universities across the UK. Since 2014, the scheme has
been divided into Birmingham Research Fellowships and Birmingham Teaching Fellowships.
Birmingham Fellows are appointed to permanent academic posts (with two or three year probation
periods), with five years protected time to develop their research. Birmingham Fellows
are usually recruited at a lecturer or senior lecturer level. In the first period of the
fellowship, emphasis is placed on the research aspect, publishing high quality academic outputs,
developing a trajectory for their work and gaining external funding. However, development
of teaching skills is encouraged. Teaching and supervisory responsibilities, as well
as administrative duties, then steadily increase to a normal lecturer’s load in the Fellow’s
respective discipline by the fifth year of the fellowship. Birmingham Fellows are not
expected to carry out academic administration during their term as Fellows, but will do
once their posts turn into lectureships (‘three-legged contract’). When accepted into the Birmingham
Research Fellowship, Fellows receive a start-up package to develop or continue their research
projects, an academic mentor and support for both research and teaching. All fellows are
said to become part of the Birmingham Fellows Cohort, which provides them a University-wide
network and an additional source of support and mentoring===International cooperation===
In Germany the University of Birmingham cooperates with the Goethe University in Frankfurt/Main.
Both cities are linked by a long-lasting partnership agreement.==Student life=====Guild of Students===The University of Birmingham Guild of Students
is the university’s student union. Originally the Guild of Undergraduates, the institution
had its first foundations in the Mason Science College in the centre of Birmingham around
1876. The University of Birmingham itself formally received its Royal Charter in 1900
with the Guild of Students being provided for as a Student Representative Council. It
is not known for certain why the name ‘Guild of Students’ was chosen as opposed to ‘Union
of Students’, however, the Guild shares its name with Liverpool Guild of Students, another
‘redbrick university’; both organisations subsequently founded the National Union of
Students. The Union Building, the Guild’s bricks and mortar presence, was designed by
the architect Holland W. Hobbiss. The Guild’s official purposes are to represent
its members and provide a means of socialising, though societies and general amenities. The
university provides the Guild with the Union Building effectively rent free as well as
a block grant to support student services. The Guild also runs several bars, eateries,
social spaces and social events. The Guild supports a variety of student societies
and volunteering projects, roughly around 220 at any one time. The Guild complements
these societies and volunteering projects with professional staffed services, including
its walk-in Advice and Representation Centre (ARC), Student Activities, Jobs/Skills/Volunteering,
Student Mentors in halls, and Community Wardens around Bournbrook. The Guild of Students was
where the international volunteering charity InterVol was conceived and developed as a
student-led volunteering project; the group currently supports charitable organisations
in four developing countries. Another two of the Guild’s long-standing societies are
Student Advice and Nightline (previously Niteline), which both provide peer-to-peer welfare support.
The Guild was one of the first universities in the United Kingdom to publish a campus
newspaper, Redbrick, supported financially by the Guild of Students and advertising revenue.The
Guild undertakes its representative function through its officer group, seven of whom are
full-time, on sabbatical from their studies, and ten of whom are part-time and hold their
positions whilst still studying. Elections are held yearly, conventionally February,
for the following academic year. These officers have regular contact with the university’s
officer-holders and managers. In theory, the Guild’s officers are directed and kept to
account over their year in office by Guild Council, an 80-seat decision-making body.
The Guild also supports the university “student reps” scheme, which aims to provide an effective
channel of feedback from students on more of a departmental level.===Sport===The university has been consistently ranked
in the top four of the British Universities & Colleges Sport (BUCS) league table. The
university’s reputation for sport is a long-standing one; in 1954 it became the first UK university
to offer a sports degree, and until 1968 exercise was compulsory for all students.In 2004, six
graduates and one current student competed in the Athens Summer Olympics. Four alumni
competed at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, including cyclist Paul Manning who won an Olympic Gold.
The university hosted the Jamaican track and field team prior to the 2012 London Olympics.
The team stayed at the University’s Conference Park and trained on the University’s sports
track.University of Birmingham Sport (UBS) offers a wide range of competitive and participation
sports, which is used by the student and local population of Birmingham. Alongside fitness
classes such as yoga and aerobics, UBS offers over 40 different sport teams, including rowing,
Gaelic football, cricket, football, rugby union (UBRFC), netball, field hockey, ice
hockey (Birmingham Eagles), American Football (Birmingham Lions, current BUCS National Champions
2016), triathlon and many more. The wide selection has ensured the university has over 2000 students
participating in sport. UBS offers over 40 scholarships and bursaries
to national and international students of exceptional athletic ability.===Housing===
The university provides housing for most first-year students, running a guarantee scheme for all
those UK applicants who choose Birmingham as their firm UCAS choice. 90 per cent of
university-provided housing is inhabited by first-year students.The university maintained
gender-segregated halls until 1999 when Lake and Wyddrington “halls” (treated as two different
halls, despite being physically one building) were renamed as Shackleton Hall. Chamberlain
Hall (Eden Tower), a seventeen-storey tower block, was originally known as High Hall,
for male students, and the connected Ridge Hall (later renamed to the Hampton Wing),
for female students. University House was decommissioned as accommodation to house the
expanding Business School, while Mason Hall has been demolished and rebuilt, opening in
2008. In the summer of 2006, the university sold three of its most distant halls (Hunter
Court, the Beeches and Queens Hospital Close) to private operators, while later in the year
and during term, the university was forced urgently to decommission both the old Chamberlain
Tower (High Hall) and also Manor House over fire safety inspection failures. The university
has rebranded its halls offerings into three villages.====Vale Village====The Vale Village includes Chamberlain Hall,
Shackleton, Maple Bank, Tennis Court, Elgar Court and Aitken residences. A sixth hall
of residence, Mason Hall, re-opened in September 2008 following a complete rebuild. Approximately
2,700 students live in the village.Shackleton Hall (originally Lake Hall, for male students,
and Wyddrington Hall, for female students) underwent an £11 million refurbishment and
was re-opened in Autumn 2004. There are 72 flats housing a total of 350 students. The
majority of the units consist of six to eight bedrooms, together with a small number of
one, two, three or five bedroom studio/apartments. The redevelopment was designed by Birmingham-based
architect Patrick Nicholls while employed at Aedas, now a director of Glancy Nicholls
Architects.Maple Bank was refurbished and opened in summer 2005. It consists of 87 five
bedroom flats, housing 435 undergraduates.The Elgar Court residence consists of 40 six bedroom
flats, housing a total of 236 students. It opened in September 2003.
Tennis Court consists of 138 three, four, five and six bedroom flats and houses 697
students.The Aitken wing is a small complex consisting of 23 six and eight bedroom flats.
It houses 147 students.Construction of the new Mason Hall commenced in June 2006 following
complete demolition of the original 1960s structures. It was designed by Aedas Architects.
The entire project is thought to have cost £36.75 million. It has since been completed,
with the first year of students moving in September 2008.
The new Chamberlain Tower and neighbouring low rise blocks opened in September 2015.
Chamberlain is home to more than 700 first year students. It replaced the old 1964-built
18-storey (above ground level) High Hall (later re-named Eden Tower), for male students and
low rise Ridge Hall (later re-named Hampton Wing) for female students, which closed in
2006. The 50-year-old Eden Tower was removed at the start of 2014. Previously known as
High Hall, the tower and its associated low rise blocks were demolished after studies
revealed it would be uneconomical to refurbish them and would not provide the quality of
accommodation which the University of Birmingham desires for students.
The largest student-run event, the Vale Festival or ‘ValeFest’, is held annually on the Vale.
The Festival celebrated its 10th event in 2014, raising £25,000 for charity. The 2015
event is to be headlined by Will and the People and New York Transit Authority.====Pritchatts Park Village====The Pritchatts Park Village houses over 700
undergraduate and postgraduate students. Halls include ‘Ashcroft’, ‘The Spinney’ and ‘Oakley
Court’, as well as ‘Pritchatts House’ and the ‘Pritchatts Road Houses’.The Spinney is
a small complex of six houses and twelve smaller flats, housing 104 students in total.
Ashcroft consists of four purpose built blocks of flats and houses 198 students. The four-storey
Pritchatts House consists of 24 duplex units and houses 159 students. Oakley Court consists
of 21 individual purpose-built flats, ranging in size from five to thirteen bedrooms. Also
included are 36 duplex units. A total of 213 students are housed in Oakley Court, made
up of undergraduates. Oakley Court was completed in 1993 at a cost of £2.9 million. It was
designed by Birmingham-based Associated Architects. Pritchatts Road is a group of four private
houses that were converted into student residences. There is a maximum of 16 bedrooms per house.====Selly Oak Village====Selly Oak Village consists of three residences;
Jarratt Hall, Douper Hall and Victoria Hall. Jarratt Hall is the only residence in this
area owned by the university and students can choose to rent a room directly from the
private companies that own Douper and Victoria Hall. The village has 637 bed spaces for students.Douper
Hall consists of 28 flats accommodating from two to six persons for 117 undergraduate and
postgraduate students. Jarratt Hall is a large complex designed around a central courtyard
and three landscaped areas. It houses a mixture of 587 undergraduate students. Jarratt Hall
did not accommodate postgraduate students until September 2013, due to refurbishment
of kitchens and heating system.====Student Housing Co-operative accommodation
====Birmingham Student Housing Co-operative was
opened in 2014 by students of the University to provide affordable self managed housing
for its members. The co-operative manages a property on Pershore Road in Selly Oak.==Notable people=====Academics===The faculty and staff members connected with
the university include Nobel laureates Sir Norman Haworth (Professor of Chemistry, 1925–1948),
Sir Peter Medawar (Mason Professor of Zoology, 1947–1951), John Robert Schrieffer (NSF
Fellow at Birmingham, 1957), David Thouless, Michael Kosterlitz, and Sir Fraser Stoddart.Physicists
include John Henry Poynting, Freeman Dyson, Sir Otto Frisch, Sir Rudolf Peierls, Sir Marcus
Oliphant, Sir Leonard Huxley, Harry Boot, Sir John Randall, and Edwin Ernest Salpeter.
Chemists include Sir William A. Tilden. Mathematicians include Jonathan Bennett, Henry Daniels, Daniela
Kühn, Deryk Osthus, Daniel Pedoe and G. N. Watson. In music, faculty members include
the composers Sir Edward Elgar and Sir Granville Bantock. Geologists include Charles Lapworth,
Frederick Shotton, and Sir Alwyn Williams. In medicine, faculty members include Sir Melville
Arnott and Sir Bertram Windle. Author and literary critic David Lodge taught
English from 1960 until 1987. Poet and playwright Louis MacNeice was a lecturer in classics
1930–1936. English novelist, critic, and man of letters Anthony Burgess taught in the
extramural department (1946–50). Richard Hoggart founded the Centre for Contemporary
Cultural Studies. Sir Alan Walters was Professor of Econometrics and Statistics (1951–68)
and later became Chief Economic Adviser to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Lord Zuckerman
was Professor of Anatomy 1946–1968 and also served as chief scientific adviser to the
British government from 1964 to 1971. Lord King of Lothbury was a Professor in the Faculty
of Commerce and later became Governor of the Bank of England. Sir William James Ashley
was first Dean and the founder of the Birmingham Business School.
Sir Nathan Bodington was Professor of Classics. Sir Michael Lyons was Professor of Public
Policy from 2001 to 2006. Sir Kenneth Mather was Professor of genetics (1948) and recipient
of the 1964 Darwin Medal. Sir Richard Redmayne was Professor of Mining and later became first
Chief Inspector of Mines. The art historian Sir Nikolaus Pevsner held a research post
at the university. Sir Ellis Waterhouse was Barber Professor of Fine Art (1952–1970).
Lord Cadman taught petroleum engineering and is credited with creating the course ‘Petroleum
Engineering’. The philosopher Sir Michael Dummett held an assistant lectureship at the
university. Lord Borrie was a professor of law and dean of the faculty of law. Sir Charles
Raymond Beazley was Professor of History. Prison reformer Margery Fry was first warden
of University House.Vice-Chancellors and Principals include Sir Oliver Lodge, Lord Hunter of Newington,
Sir Charles Grant Robertson, Sir Raymond Priestley, Sir Michael Sterling, and Sir David Eastwood.===Alumni===Four Nobel Prize laureates are Birmingham
University alumni: Francis Aston, Maurice Wilkins, Sir John Vane, and Sir Paul Nurse.
In addition soil scientist Peter Bullock contributed to the reports of the IPCC, which was awarded
the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007.The university’s alumni in the sphere of British government
and politics include: British Prime Ministers Stanley Baldwin and Neville Chamberlain; Chief
Minister of Gibraltar Joe Bossano; former British cabinet minister and current UN Under-Secretary-General
Baroness Amos; Cabinet Minister Hilary Armstrong; British ministers of state Ann Widdecombe,
Richard Tracey, Derek Fatchett, and Anna Soubry; British High Commissioner to New Zealand and
Ambassador to South Africa Sir David Aubrey Scott; Welsh Assembly Government minister
Jane Davidson; and UN weapons inspector David Kelly.
Birmingham’s alumni in the field of government and politics in other countries include Prime
Minister of St. Lucia Kenny Anthony; Prime Minister of the Bahamas Perry Christie; Singapore
Minister of Finance Hu Tsu Tau Richard; Singapore Senior Minister of State Matthias Yao; Minister
of Defence of Kenya Mohamed Yusuf Haji; Tanzanian minister Mark Mwandosya; Tongan minister ʻAna
Taufeʻulungaki; Ethiopian cabinet minister Junedin Sado; Deputy Prime Minister of Mauritius
Rashid Beebeejaun; Saudi minister Abdulaziz bin Mohieddin Khoja; Foreign Minister of Gambia
Bala Garba Jahumpa; Ghanaian minister Juliana Azumah-Mensah; Egyptian Minister William Selim
Hanna; Nigerian minister Emmanuel Chuka Osammor; Saint Lucian minister Alvina Reynolds; Lebanese
foreign minister Lucien Dahdah; and Zimbabwean ministers David Karimanzira and Didymus Mutasa.
Alumni in the world of business include: director of the Bank of England Lord Roll of Ipsden;
CEO of J Sainsbury plc Mike Coupe; Chairman of the Shell Transport and Trading Company
plc Sir John Jennings; automobile executive Sir George Turnbull; President of the Confederation
of British Industry Sir Clive Thompson; CEO and chairman of BP Sir Peter Walters; Chairman
of British Aerospace Sir Austin Pearce; mobile communications entrepreneur Mo Ibrahim; fashion
designer and retailer George Davis; founder of Osborne Computer Corporation Adam Osborne;
and chairman & CEO of Bass plc Sir Ian Prosser. Alumni in the legal arena include Hong Kong
Chief Justice of the Court of Final Appeal Geoffrey Ma Tao-li; Hong Kong Judge of the
Court of Final Appeal Robert Tang; Justice of Appeal at the Court of Appeal in Tanzania
Robert Kisanga; Justice of the Supreme Court of Belize Michelle Arana; Lord Justice of
Appeal Sir Philip Otton; and High Court Judges Dame Nicola Davies, Sir Michael Davies, Sir
Henry Globe, and Dame Lucy Theis. Alumni in the armed forces include Chief of
the General Staff General Sir Mike Jackson; and Director General of the Army Medical Services
Alan Hawley. Alumni in the sphere of religion include Metropolitan
Archbishop and Primate of the Anglican Church in South East Asia Bolly Lapok; Anglican Bishops
Paul Bayes, Alan Smith, Stephen Venner, Michael Langrish, and Eber Priestley; Anglican Suffragan
Bishops Brian Castle and Colin Docker; Catholic Archbishop Kevin McDonald; and Catholic bishop
Philip Egan. Alumni in the field of healthcare include:
chair of the National Institute for Clinical Excellence David Haslam; Dame Hilda Lloyd,
the first woman to be elected as president of the Royal College of Obstetricians and
Gynaecologists; Chief Scientific Officer in the NHS Sue Hill; Chief Dental Officer for
England Barry Cockcroft; and Chief Medical officer for England Sir Liam Donaldson.
Alumni in the domain of engineering include: Chairman of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy
Authority and of the Central Electricity Generating Board Lord Marshall of Goring; Chairman of
British Aerospace Sir Austin Pearce; Chief Engineer of the PWD Shaef in World War II
Sir Francis McLean; and Director of Production at the Ministry of Munitions during World
War I Sir Henry Fowler. Alumni in the creative industries include
actors Madeleine Carroll, Tim Curry, Tamsin Greig, Matthew Goode, Nigel Lindsay, Elliot
Cowan, Geoffrey Hutchings, Judy Loe, Jane Wymark, Mariah Gale, Hadley Fraser and Norman
Painting; actors and comedians Victoria Wood and Chris Addison; novelist and playwright
Jayne Joso, and travel writer Alan Booth. Alumni in academia include: University Vice-Chancellors
Frank Horton, Sir Robert Howson Pickard, Sir Louis Matheson, Derek Burke, Sir Alex Jarratt,
Sir Philip Baxter, Vincent Watts, P. B. Sharma, Berrick Saul, and Wahid Omar; neurobiologist
and Emeritus Professor at the University of Cambridge Sir Gabriel Horn, physicians Sir
Alexander Markham, Sir Gilbert Barling, Brian MacMahon, Aaron Valero, and Sir Arthur Thomson;
neurologist Sir Michael Owen; physicists John Stewart Bell, Sir Alan Cottrell, Lord Flowers,
Harry Boot, Elliott H. Lieb (recipient of the 2003 Henri Poincaré Prize), Stanley Mandelstam,
Edwin Ernest Salpeter (recipient of the 1997 Crafoord Prize in Astronomy), Sir Ernest William
Titterton, and Raymond Wilson (recipient of the 2010 Kavli Prize in Astrophysics); statistician
Peter McCullagh; chemist Sir Robert Howson Pickard; biologists Sir Kenneth Murray and
Lady Noreen Murray; zoologists Desmond Morris and Karl Shuker; behavioural neuroscientist
Barry Everitt; palaeontologist Harry B. Whittington; computer scientist Mike Cowlishaw; Women’s
writing academic Lorna Sage; philosopher John Lewis; economist and historian Homa Katouzian;
theologian and biochemist Arthur Peacocke; labour economist David Blanchflower; Professor
of Social Policy at the London School of Economics Sir John Hills; geographer Geoffrey J.D. Hewings;
Professor of Geology and ninth President of Cornell University Frank H. T. Rhodes; Government
Chief Scientific Adviser Sir Alan Cottrell; and former astronaut Rodolfo Neri Vela.
Alumni in the world of sport include sailor Lisa Clayton, Dowager Viscountess Cobham;
triathlete Chrissie Wellington; middle-distance athlete Hannah England; Manchester United
Chief Executive David Gill; and Williams Formula One team co-founder Patrick Head.==See also==
University of Birmingham portal List of modern universities in Europe (1801–1945)==References==
Notes Bibliography==External links==
University of Birmingham Guild of Students (The Guild functions as
the Students’ Union) University of Birmingham Foundation

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